Rediscovering Art by Women

RAW
Rediscovering Art by Women
Marion
Wallace Dunlop


(

1864 – 1942


)

A Glaring Demon, (blue and yellow) from Devils in Diverse Shapes

1906

Signed with monogram, titled to reverse. Hand coloured woodcut.
w 10.2
h 12.8
Text by Joseph Lennon, Associate Dean, Emily C. Riley Director of Irish Studies and Professor of English at Villanova University.

Hand coloured woodcuts, each 15.2 x 12.8 cm Marion Wallace-Dunlop’s roaring and grinning Devils in Divers Shapes emerged from an imagination that conceived daring and innovative protests for the women’s suffrage movement, including the first hunger strike campaign. In July of 1909, Wallace-Dunlop staged a hunger strike and followed up with newspaper interviews. Previously, she led other protests, including women’s deputations to Parliament and stamping messages in violet ink on the walls of Westminster (she is memorialised in the stained glass in St. Stephen’s Porch), and, later, massive street processions – each conceived to capture headlines and stir emotions.

Her rare 1905 prints similarly evoke outrage, humour and impishness. A devotee of faery lore, the Celtic twilight and fine art, Wallace-Dunlop grew up near Inverness and descended from the rebel family of William of Wallace. Trained in fine art, Wallace-Dunlop set up her studio in 1890s London, out of which she painted portraits and watercolours, illustrated children’s books and published cartoons in Punch and elsewhere. After 1906, however, she turned her classical training in painting and printmaking to the service of the militant women’s suffrage movement. Along with the Pankhursts in the Women’s Social and Political Union, she directed the creation of tapestries, banners and prints.

These diminutive devils fascinate because they seem to embody full emotions – from deep outrage to mild distemper, wild surprise to joyful and proud self-regard – with a measure of innocence. These “divers”, androgynous, and sometimes amphibious creatures are never bashful and are in full command of their moments. Their emotionality distinguishes them from the urbane and decadent illustrations of her contemporaries William Strang and Aubrey Beardsley. Like them, Wallace-Dunlop’s imagination did not peddle morality over passion, but unlike their works, Devils in Divers Shapes unapologetically revels in both soulful silliness and emotive energy.

A Glaring Demon blue and yellow from Devils in Diverse Shapes

Wallace Dunlop, Marion

Marion Wallace-Dunlop (1864-1942) was a portrait painter, figurative artist, illustrator and ardent feminist. While studying at the Slade School of Fine Art, recognition of her talent resulted in the commissioning, (in 1899), of two illustrated books: Fairies, Elves and Flower Babies and The Magic Fruit Garden. She exhibited with the Paris Salon, the Royal Academy (1903, 1905, 1906) and the Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts (1903). Fiercely devoted to the fight for women’s rights, she dedicated much of her career, and life, to the suffrage movement.

After joining the Women’s Social and Political Union in 1908 she was soon arrested for ‘obstruction’, and was the first suffragette to go on hunger strike while imprisoned in 1909. She also directed the creation of banners, tapestries and prints to call for women’s right to vote, particularly the ‘Women’s Coronation Procession’ in 1911.

Artworks by the same Artist

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